Salvador Dali is one of the greatest surrealists in history who created many works in art, sculpture and film art. He is also a best-selling writer and jeweler. Furthermore, Salvador Dali was one of the authors who gave a boost to the American art from the middle of last century and inspired artists like Andy Warhol and many others.
Some of Salvador Dali’s most famous works of are “The Basket of Bread”, “The Persistence of Memory”, “Autumn Cannibalism” and many others. Other famous works of his are all the portraits that he made of Sigmund Freud.
Salvador Dali worked on various projects with names such as Alfred Hitchcock , Pablo Picasso, Walt Disney , Andy Warhol and many others.
However, for the general public Salvador Dali is best known for his original whiskers that were his trademark for the rest of his life. He was extremely eccentric and demonstrated his provocative and unusual behavior all the time and at every possible opportunity. His megalomania and narcissism are legendary and often took enormous proportions. Apart from this, he is known for his desire to live in luxury and splendor.
Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 year in Spain. His birthplace was the Catalan town of Figueres where he got his first artistic education. Even as a child he hinted for his enormous talent. He was a 13-year-old boy when he presented his first collection of paintings and at the age of 15 he already had his first solo exhibition.
Dali continued his art education at the Madrid Academy of Arts “San Fernando”. However, he left it with a huge scandal. He was expelled after publicly stating that in the academy no one is worthy enough to evaluate his work.
In 1925 he opened a solo exhibition in Barcelona, which gave a wide popularity to his name, though the exhibition itself was questionable. Dali gradually established himself as a name in the art world and his works were viewed more and more seriously. However, at that time the experts saw in his work the influence of other artists such as Picasso, Hans Arp and others.
The world fame for Salvador Dali came the moment he stepped into the United States. His exhibition in New York in 1934 became a sensation and he became a celebrity. From that moment his activities were constantly monitored and adhered to his character and he made a scandal after scandal.
The world fame he had, allowed him to experiment freely and he presented his composition “Rainy Taxi”. This is a three-dimensional project that has a real car with two dummies in it.
With the growing fame of Dali appeared his first major critics. He was accused of commercialism and most important was the fact that the allegations came from his fellow surrealists.
With the onset of World War II, Dali moved to the United States. He remained in North America for ten years in which he didn’t stop working and presenting new and new projects. He came back home in his native Catalonia in 1949 and by the end of his life he worked and experimented there in the most amazing ways, born in his rich imagination.
In 1974 he opened his “Dali Theatre and Museum” in his home town of Figueres. The work on this project was so massive that it took ten years for him to make it happen.
The story of Salvador Dali will be very incomplete without mentioning the woman beside him for nearly his entire life. He met Gala Dali in 1929 and they were always together until her death in 1982. She was his muse and inspiration for thousands of works. Dali drew her constantly from the first to their last moment together. After her death he lost his will to live and according to many sources he even attempted a suicide.
Salvador Dali died on January 23, 1989 and was buried in his “Dalí Theatre and Museum” in Figueres.
Without any doubt, Salvador Dali is among those who greatly influenced the development of the whole Western society in the 20th century. Thanks to his work and his influence over a number of authors in all art fields since the 30s of the last century, today we are what we are.